Artificial intelligence

What Are the Best Programming Languages for AI Development?

11 of the Best AI Programming Languages: A Beginners Guide

best language for ai

Go was designed by Google and the open-source community to meet issues found in C++ while maintaining its efficiency. Go’s popularity has varied widely in the decade since it’s development. Lisp is difficult to read and has a smaller community of users, leading to fewer packages.

Come to think of it, many of the most notorious machine learning libraries were built with C++. TensorFlow is Python’s most popular framework for AI development. It’s an open-source machine learning library where you can train deep neural networks.

There may be some fields that tangentially touch AI that don’t require coding. Lisp is the second-oldest programming language, used to develop much of computer science and modern programming languages, many of which have gone on to replace it. Haskell does have AI-centered libraries like HLearn, which includes machine learning algorithms. Okay, here’s where C++ can shine, as most games use C++ for AI development. That’s because it’s a fast language that can be used to code high-performance applications.

Developers cherish Python for its simple syntax and object-oriented approach to code maintainability. In a business capacity, artificial intelligence has a number of benefits. Really, if you’ve ever worked with a digital device that didn’t know how to tell up from down or do a simple task, you’d probably quite like artificial intelligence. At its core, artificial intelligence (AI) refers to intelligent machines.

Julia isn’t yet used widely in AI, but is growing in use because of its speed and parallelism—a type of computing where many different processes are carried out simultaneously. C++ is a fast and efficient language widely used in game development, robotics, and other resource-constrained applications. The languages you learn will be dependent on your project needs and will often need to be used in conjunction with others. It’s essentially the process of making a computer system that can learn and work on its own.

Use AI in Your Next Project

You’ll want a language with many good machine learning and deep learning libraries, of course. It should also feature good runtime performance, good tools support, a large community of programmers, and a healthy ecosystem of supporting packages. That’s a long list of requirements, but there are still plenty of good options. Julia excels in performing calculations and data science, with benefits that include general use, fast and dynamic performance, and the ability to execute quickly. It’s excellent for use in machine learning, and it offers the speed of C with the simplicity of Python. Julia remains a relatively new programming language, with its first iteration released in 2018.

Another advantage of Java is its ability to integrate with other programming languages and tools, making it easier to combine AI models with other systems and applications. At the heart of AI’s capabilities are specialized programming languages designed to handle complex algorithms, data analysis, and machine learning. That said, the math and stats libraries available in Python are pretty much unparalleled in other languages. NumPy has become so ubiquitous it is almost a standard API for tensor operations, and Pandas brings R’s powerful and flexible dataframes to Python. For natural language processing (NLP), you have the venerable NLTK and the blazingly-fast SpaCy.

  • Java ranks second after Python as the best language for general-purpose and AI programming.
  • Join a network of the world’s best developers and get long-term remote software jobs with better compensation and career growth.
  • As for deploying models, the advent of microservice architectures and technologies such as Seldon Core mean that it’s very easy to deploy Python models in production these days.
  • And because C++ converts user code to machine-readable code, it’s incredibly efficient and performant.
  • However, C++ has a steeper learning curve compared to languages like Python and Java.
  • To sum up, five of the top programming languages for AI development are Python, R, Java, C++, and Julia, with each language offering unique advantages for building AI applications.

If you think that artificial intelligence makes for some scary alternate realities, you’re not alone. And once you know how to develop artificial intelligence, you can do it all. In short, C++ becomes a critical part of the toolkit as AI applications proliferate across all devices from the smallest embedded system to huge clusters. AI at the edge means it’s not just enough to be accurate anymore; you need to be good and fast. In other words, you can finally take advantage of all the new language features in earnest. Deepen your knowledge of AI/ML & Cloud technologies and learn from tech leaders to supercharge your career growth.


Although it isn’t always ideal for AI-centered projects, it’s powerful when used in conjunction with other AI programming languages. With the scale of big data and the iterative nature of training AI, C++ can be a fantastic tool in speeding things up. Although Python was created before AI became crucial to businesses, it’s one of the most popular languages for Artificial Intelligence.

Julia is a high-performance programming language that is focused on numerical computing, which makes it a good fit in the math-heavy world of AI. While it’s not all that popular as a language choice right now, wrappers like TensorFlow.jl and Mocha (heavily influenced by Caffe) provide good deep learning support. If you don’t mind the relatively small ecosystem, and you want to benefit from Julia’s focus on making high-performance calculations easy and swift, then Julia is probably worth a look. If you go delving in the history of deep learning models, you’ll often find copious references to Torch and plenty of Lua source code in old GitHub repositories. The JVM family of languages (Java, Scala, Kotlin, Clojure, etc.) continues to be a great choice for AI application development. Plus you get easy access to big data platforms like Apache Spark and Apache Hadoop.

Top AI Programming Languages

Machine learning is a subset of AI that involves using algorithms to train machines. But although Python seems friendly, it’s well-equipped to handle large and complex projects. And recent research suggests that the majority of artificial intelligence projects are market-oriented.

Here are the most popular languages used in AI development, along with their key features. Many programming languages are commonly used for AI, but there is a handful that are not suitable for it. Perl is one example of a programming language that is typically not used for AI because it is a scripting language.

Scala, a language that combines functional programming with object-oriented programming, offers a unique toolset for AI development. Its ability to handle complex data types and support for concurrent programming makes Scala an excellent choice for building robust, scalable AI systems. The language’s interoperability with Java means that it can leverage the vast ecosystem of Java libraries, including those related to AI and machine learning, such as Deeplearning4j. AI is a broad field encompassing a range of technologies, including machine learning, natural language processing, computer vision, and robotics. Which programming language should you learn to plumb the depths of AI?

best language for ai

Though R isn’t the best programming language for AI, it is great for complex calculations. Educators are updating teaching strategies to include AI-assisted learning and large language models (LLMs) capable of producing cod on demand. As Porter notes, “We believe LLMs lower the barrier for understanding how to program [2].” Many of these languages lack ease-of-life features, garbage collection, or are slower at handling large amounts of data. While these languages can still develop AI, they trail far behind others in efficiency or usability.

Python also has a large supportive community, with many users, collaborators and fans. Doing so will free human developers and programmers to focus on the high-level tasks and the creative side of their work. Determining whether Java or C++ is better for AI will depend on your project.

Top Programming Languages for Artificial Intelligence 2024 – MobileAppDaily

Top Programming Languages for Artificial Intelligence 2024.

Posted: Sun, 07 Apr 2024 07:00:00 GMT [source]

This opens up new possibilities for AI-powered web applications. However, JavaScript may not be the best choice for heavy-duty AI tasks that require high performance and scalability. The choice of programming language can affect an AI system’s performance, efficiency, and accuracy. With the right language, developers can efficiently design, implement, and optimize AI algorithms and models. This way, they can contribute to the rapid advancement of this groundbreaking technology. Python comes with AI libraries and frameworks that allow beginners to focus on learning AI concepts without getting bogged down in complex syntax.

However, with the exponential growth of AI applications, newer languages have taken the spotlight, offering a wider range of capabilities and efficiencies. The first step is finding a team that can make sure your project is successful. Our work here at Trio is to deliver the best developers in the market. Altogether, the theme of Haskell’s attractiveness for AI developers is that the language is efficient. And Haskell’s efficient memory management, type system, and code resusability practices, only add to its appeal.

Will AI replace coding jobs?

If you already know Java, you may find it easier to program AI in Java than learn a new language. A good programmer can write an AI in nearly any programming language. These are generally niche languages or languages that are too low-level. Let’s look at the best language for AI, other popular AI coding languages, and how you can get started today. Not only are AI-related jobs growing in leaps and bounds, but many technical jobs now request AI knowledge as well. Python’s versatility, easy-to-understand code, and cross-platform compatibility all contribute to its status as the top choice for beginners in AI programming.

Php, Ruby, C, Perl, and Fortran are some examples of languages that wouldn’t be ideal for AI programming. Developed by Apple and the open-source community, Swift was released in 2014 to replace Objective-C, with many modern languages as inspiration. You can find Java in web and mobile app development, two places where AI is growing. The term “artificial intelligence” was first coined in 1956 by computer scientist John McCarthy, when the field of artificial intelligence research was founded as an academic discipline. Java also makes use of simplified debugging, and its easy-to-use syntax offers graphical data presentation and incorporates both WORA and Object-Oriented patterns. Few codebases and integrations are available for C++ because developers don’t use C++ as frequently as Python for AI development.

  • For example, Python may be used for data preprocessing and high-level machine learning tasks, while C++ is employed for performance-critical sections.
  • While these languages can still develop AI, they trail far behind others in efficiency or usability.
  • Lisp is the second-oldest programming language, used to develop much of computer science and modern programming languages, many of which have gone on to replace it.
  • In the context of AI, programming involves creating algorithms that enable machines to learn, reason, and make human-like decisions.
  • With the ever-expanding nature of generative AI, these programming languages and those that can use them will continue to be in demand.

This prevalence has created a fantastic playing ground for companies looking to develop more AI solutions. In most cases, R is better than Python when it comes to statistics. Coding will remain an in-demand skill—both in AI and traditional settings—for years to come. Build your coding skills with online courses like Python for Data Science, AI, & Development from IBM or Princeton University’s Algorithms, Part 1, which will help you gain experience with Java. Developers could experience a boost in productivity and job satisfaction thanks to AI’s assistance.

Prompt Engineering: The Job of the Future?

Data scientists often use it because it’s easy to learn and offers flexibility, intuitive design, and versatility. One of the primary reasons for its popularity is its readability, which makes it easy for developers to write and understand code. Python is also an interpreted language, meaning it doesn’t need to be compiled before running, saving time and effort. Julia is a newer language that has been gaining traction in the AI community. It’s designed to combine the performance of C with the ease and simplicity of Python.

Haskell is a functional and readable AI programming language that emphasizes correctness. Although it can be used in developing AI, it’s more commonly used in academia to describe algorithms. Without a large community outside of academia, it can be a more difficult language to learn. JavaScript, traditionally used for web development, is also becoming popular in AI programming. With the advent of libraries like TensorFlow.js, it’s now possible to build and train ML models directly in the browser.

If your company requires the addition of Artificial Intelligence development services, you need to begin the process of integrating one or more of these languages. You can foun additiona information about ai customer service and artificial intelligence and NLP. With the right development team, there is no limit to what AI can do to help accelerate the growth of your company. R might not be the perfect language for AI, but it’s fantastic at crunching very large numbers, which makes it better than Python at scale. And with R’s built-in functional programming, vectorial computation, and Object-Oriented Nature, it does make for a viable language for Artificial Intelligence. However, Java is a robust language that does provide better performance.

This is important as it ensures you can get help when you encounter problems. Secondly, the language should have good library support for AI and machine learning. Libraries are pre-written code that you can use to save time and effort. Thirdly, the language should be scalable and efficient in handling large amounts of data.

best language for ai

Drive your projects beyond expectations and surpass your business objectives. You use machines every day to make things easier, from driving to putting appointments in your digital calendar. Its abstraction readiness mitigates the need for spending large amounts of time debugging errors. You can chalk its innocent fame up to its dynamic interface and arresting graphics for data visualization.

Python is the language at the forefront of AI research, the one you’ll find the most machine learning and deep learning frameworks for, and the one that almost everybody in the AI world speaks. For these reasons, Python is first among AI programming languages, despite the fact that your author curses the whitespace issues at least once a day. While it’s possible to specialize in one programming best language for ai language for AI, learning multiple languages can broaden your perspective and make you a more versatile developer. Different languages have different strengths and are suited to different tasks. For example, Python is great for prototyping and data analysis, while C++ is better for performance-intensive tasks. By learning multiple languages, you can choose the best tool for each job.

It’s one of the fastest programming languages available, making it great for AI applications that require real-time processing. Additionally, C++ is a cross-platform language, meaning that code can be compiled for different operating systems, making it versatile for AI development. When performance is a critical factor, C++ comes to the rescue. It’s a preferred choice for AI projects involving time-sensitive computations or when interacting closely with hardware. Libraries such as Shark and mlpack can help in implementing machine learning algorithms in C++.

The language that would be best for AI robots would be a language that’s generally used in both AI and robotics individually, like Python or Java. Java ranks second after Python as the best language for general-purpose and AI programming. This website is using a security service to protect itself from online attacks. There are several actions that could trigger this block including submitting a certain word or phrase, a SQL command or malformed data.

Its ability to easily call C and Fortran code means it can easily use the many high-quality, mature libraries for numerical computing already written in C and Fortran. This helps Julia achieve high levels of performance while still being easy to use. Julia is also highly interoperable, meaning it can integrate with other programming languages and libraries easily. Java for AI development is an excellent choice for building artificial intelligence applications due to its many advantages. One of the main advantages is that Java is a widely used language, meaning many developers are already familiar with it. This makes it easier to find talent and build teams for AI projects.

Here are two more programming languages you might find interesting or helpful, though I wouldn’t count them as top priorities for learning. Although Julia’s community is still small, it consistently ranks as one of the premier languages for artificial intelligence. The language has more than 6,000 built-in functions for symbolic computation, functional programming, and rule-based programming.

Lastly, it’s beneficial if the language is easy to learn and use, especially if you’re a beginner. That being said, Python is generally considered to be one of the best AI programming languages, thanks to its ease of use, vast libraries, and active community. R is also a good choice for AI development, particularly if you’re looking to develop statistical models. Julia is a newer language that’s gaining popularity for its speed and efficiency. And if you’re looking to develop low-level systems or applications with tight performance constraints, then C++ or C# may be your best bet.

AI is written in Python, though project needs will determine which language you’ll use. Swift, the programming language developed by Apple, can be used for AI programming, particularly in the context of Apple devices. With libraries like Core ML, developers can integrate machine learning models into their iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS apps. However, Swift’s use in AI is currently more limited compared to languages like Python and Java. Lisp (also introduced by John McCarthy in 1958) is a family of programming languages with a long history and a distinctive, parenthesis-based syntax. It was originally created for artificial intelligence research.

And it’s as hot a job market as you can get (see Gartner forecasts). For example, in the case of machine learning, you might choose Python, which is a great choice for this AI subset. But one of Haskell’s most interesting features is that it is a lazy programming language. But that shouldn’t deter you from making it your language of choice for your next AI project. You can build neural networks from scratch using C++ and translate user code into something machines can understand. Plus, Java’s object-oriented design makes the language that much easier to work with, and it’s sure to be of use in AI projects.

Why Python is the programming language of choice for AI developers – ITPro

Why Python is the programming language of choice for AI developers.

Posted: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 07:00:00 GMT [source]

However, there are also games that use other languages for AI development, such as Java. As with everything in IT, there’s no magic bullet or one-size-fits-all solution. As it turns out, there’s only a small number of programming languages for AI that are commonly used. JavaScript is one of the best languages for web development but isn’t particularly well known for machine learning and AI. There is increasing interest in using JavaScript for Data Science, but many believe that this is due to the popularity of the language rather than its suitability.

Julia’s wide range of quintessential features also includes direct support for C functions, a dynamic type system, and parallel and distributed computing. Yet, in practice, C++’s capacity for low-level programming makes it perfect for handling AI models in production. Ian Pointer is a senior big data and deep learning architect, working with Apache Spark and PyTorch. He has more than 15 years of development and operations experience. The language is syntactically identical to C++, but it provides memory safety without garbage collection and allows optional reference counting. R is a popular language for AI among both aspiring and experienced statisticians.

best language for ai

Prolog is also used for natural language processing and knowledge representation. C++ is another language that has been around for quite some time, but still is a legitimate contender for AI use. One of the reasons Chat PG for this is how widely flexible the language is, which makes it perfectly suited for resource-intensive applications. C++ is a low-level language that provides better handling for the AI model in production.

While there’s no single best AI language, there are some more suited to handling the big data foundational to AI programming. While Python is still preferred across the board, both Java and C++ can have an edge in some use cases and scenarios. For example, C++ could be used to code high-performance routines, and Java could be used for more production-grade software development. Artificial intelligence is one of the most fascinating and rapidly growing fields in computer science.

Keras, Pytorch, Scikit-learn, MXNet, Pybrain, and TensorFlow are a few of the specialist libraries available in Python, making it an excellent choice for AI projects. Although the execution isn’t flawless, AI-assisted coding eliminates human-generated syntax errors like missed commas and brackets. Additionally, AI programming requires more than just using a language.

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